Gut week aims to celebrate good gut and digestive health. A recent "Love your Gut" survey showed that 81% of the nation do not know about the health signs their gut is giving them. Almost three quarters (74%) even admit they rarely get concerned about the health of their digestive system.
So What does the Gut do?
Understanding how the gut works can help us keep things running more smoothly.
1) The mouth – breaks food down into manageable pieces and starts the digestive process
2) The oesophagus – here, powerful, rhythmic muscular contractions push food down to the stomach
3) The stomach – the food mixes with gastric juices for a few hours. Enzymes break down most of the proteins and acid kills off the majority of bacteria. The resulting thick liquid passes slowly into the small intestine.
4) The small intestine –, food particles move along this intricate tubing (about 6 metres long) and are broken down into simpler molecules, of carbohydrate, protein and fat. These are then absorbed into the blood stream.
5) The large intestine – the remaining food particles spend 12-48 hours here. Here, water and minerals are absorbed while bacteria break down undigested food stuffs.
6) The pancreas – not strictly part of the digestive system but this secretes an alkaline juice which neutralizes stomach acid, and enzymes that break down protein, fat and carbohydrates.
7) The liver – the chemical factory and warehouse of the body. Receives nutrients from the gut via the blood.
8) The gall bladder – concentrates bile and squeezes it into the small intestine, where it helps to digest fat.
The majority of the body's immune system is based in the gut, so looking after the gut can help look after your whole body,
There are lots of things that you can do to get and keep your gut healthy, including recipe, exercise and lifestyle choices. For more information, please click here
The website: http://www.loveyourgut.com/ is packed full of advice and information for people who want to know more.
To raise awarenes of Gut week, I am showcasing a recipe produced by Anthony Worrall Thompson for a Sweet Potato, Spinach and Sweet Peppers Stew. This is a lovely vegetarian stew with a few superfoods enhanced by great depth of flavour. I love the sweet potatoes, but obviously you can add whatever vegetables you like, as long as you start with the suggested onion and spice base
2 teaspoons Rapeseed Oil
1 red Onion, cut into 8 wedges
3 Garlic Cloves, roughly chopped
2 long red Chillies, deseeded and finely sliced
1 teaspoon sweet Paprika
½ teaspoon ground Cumin
½ teaspoon ground Fennel
2 Sweet Potatoes, peeled and cut into
8 wedges each
8 Pepperdew Peppers, drained and halved
1 x 400g tin chopped Tomatoes
1 x 400g tin Cannellini Beans
2 tablespoons chopped Parsley
2 handfuls baby leaf Spinach, washed
2 tablespoons 0% fat Greek Yoghurt
- Heat the oil in a large saucepan, then add the onion, garlic and chilli and cook over a medium heat for 8–10 minutes to soften but not colour the onions.
- Stir in the spices, then add the sweet potato, peppers and tinned tomatoes. Cook, uncovered, for 20 minutes, stirring from time to time. Season.
- Fold in the cannellini beans, parsley and spinach and cook for about 5 minutes until the beans are hot and the spinach has wilted. (You will have to be careful when adding the spinach as it can easily end up over your cooker…fold it in carefully!).
- Serve in four warm bowls and top with a little yoghurt.
Taken from The Essential Low Fat Cookbook by Antony Worrall Thompson (Kyle Books, £20). (Permission granted to reproduce the recipe)